Extra care and attention is required for your toenails, feet and skin when you have peripheral neuropathy caused by diabetes. Most of the problems such as repetitive injuries to the feet, blisters, sores, infections and foot ulcers can be prevented by you with good foot care. This type of toenail care + diabetic neuropathy equals to extra caution which is essential for better management of your health.
A nerve disorder caused by diabetes is Diabetic neuropathy. Numbness and sometimes pain in the hands, legs and feet are the symptoms of neuropathy. Diabetes causes nerve damage which leads to problems with internal organs like, heart, digestive tract, and sexual organs causing bladder infections, constipation or diarrhea, dizziness, indigestion, and impotence. Weight loss and weakness are caused in some cases with the sudden flaring up of neuropathy. Sometimes depression may also follow. In order to understand how diabetes affects the nerves and to explore more effective treatments for this complication a great deal of research is still required and the scientific community worldwide is working tirelessly on with this.
Neuropathy in the feet may be experienced by the people with diabetes which is a condition affecting the nerves. Neuropathy results in loss of ability to feel pain and heat or cold. When you have no sensation in the feet you cannot know when you literally stepped on a nail and hurt yourself. If you are a diabetic you should consult your podiatric physician more frequently. Frequent visits are also necessary if you are diagnosed with decreased circulation or neuropathy with loss of protective sensation.
Poor blood circulation is another major foot problem linked to diabetes, interfering with ability to heal and raising the risk of infection. However, it is easy to take care of your feet even if you have diabetes.
Some vital things that diabetics should remember amongst many others is the importance of maintaining the toenails in good condition always. You may feel that clipping the toenail is a simple job, however, ingrown toenails accompanied by pain; infection and swelling are common problems arising out of improper techniques when clipping the toenails. You should keep your toenails trimmed by using emery board for filing, which will not hurt your skin. The Podiatry Institute offers tips to avoid ingrown toenails and helps diabetics to shop for products which are so designed to treat and prevent this condition. It is advised that you may use U-shaped gel toenail separators, dual sided ingrown toenail file, gel toe-cap, wide jaw slant edge toenail clipper, ingrown toenail file, ingrown toenail lifter, nail care kit, curette double angle nail cleaner, slant edged toenail clipper and serrated toenail scissors.
Whenever your unhealthy toenails are inflicted with an infection, they often take on a yellow tinge. Toenails with fungal infection are discolored and can spread the infection to other toenails as well. Swimming pools, locker rooms and other the damp areas is where the fungal infection is picked up; this can be prevented by keeping the feet, clean and dry.
The treatment options include topical and oral antifungal medications and in some cases surgery to remove the infected toenail.
Ingrown toenails are nails, whose corners or sides dig painfully into the skin which generally leads to infection. Pressure from shoes that are too small, injury, fungus infection, heredity, poor foot structure and improper nail trimming are the main factors that cause ingrown toenails. To prevent such problems toenails should be trimmed straight across. The doctor may remove the ingrown portion, if a toenail is painful and infected.
Toenail care plus diabetic neuropathy calls for greater attention even though it may seem to you. Feet and toenails should be checked daily by you for any cuts and sores, as early detection is important as a problem can quickly turn serious. However, you should never try to treat your own feet and toenails due to the high risk of infection, owing to the diabetes and other circulatory problems. In diabetic neuropathy symptoms do vary. First signs are numbness and tingling in feet which some people do not notice. Mild symptoms may go unnoticed for a long time as they are slight in the beginning and more severe nerve damage occurs over a period of years.