One of the most important aspects in stabilizing diabetic patients is diabetic diet plan. There are usually two types of diabetes generally diagnosed amongst patients. Type I diabetes, generally affects children and adolescents, and Type II diabetes that affects people who are overweight, have a family history of diabetes or are inactive and are above 40 years.
A good diabetes meal plan that fits in the lifestyles, schedules and habits, guides the patient on the quantity and types of foods that can consumed at meal and snack times. The diet plan helps in improving blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. The diet plan also helps in managing weight within the target range.
Fiber plays an important role in stabilizing blood glucose levels and improving cholesterol levels. The advantage of consuming dietary fiber in sufficient quantity is that it helps in not only slowing digestion but also in absorption of nutrients. This results in slower but steadier release of glucose from the dietary carbohydrates. Such a diet provides a feeling of fullness and helps those attempting weight loss. Healthy food choices improves the overall health improves and complications such as heart stroke, some types of cancers, hypertensions etc can be kept at bay.
Healthy dietary habits include eating a wide variety of foods that contain vegetables and fruits, whole grain foods, low or non fat dairy products, and lean meats, poultry and fish. A wide variety of vitamins, minerals and fiber and limited portion size are the main ingredients of a healthy diet. A healthy diet benefits all and thus the entire family can take to healthy eating
Preparing a food plan helps in keeping track of the food intake, and ensures that you eat specified amount of carbs, proteins and fats everyday. Both diabetics suffering from Type 1 and Type 2 diabetese must keep track of carbohydrates.
Diet plans for teenagers must include a choice of healthy foods and healthy snacks. Salads and clear soups help in overcoming hunger pangs. Complex carbohydrates, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains and cereals must be included in the diet. This would help in preventing complications such as constipation, obesity etc. Desserts should contain fruits. Avoid smoking and alcoholic beverages. Aerated drinks such as soda, when consumed with junk foods, potato fries and potato wafers contribute to empty calories and hence are to be scrupulously avoided. Disorders like anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are common in the teenagers. Peer pressures, low self image, etc. are the reasons for such disorders.
A diabetic therapy diet may vary from a case to case basis. However, it does restrict foods such as sugars and processed flours. A variety of meats including red meat, poultry, fish, beef cuts, pork chops, bacon, chicken, and seafood that is allowed in a low carb diet. Green vegetables such as broccoli, green beans, sprouts, and celery must be included as a part of a good diet as well. Fruits such as grapefruit, strawberries are acceptable but in small quantities. Fruits like bananas, watermelon and oranges are not allowed due to their high glycemic index. .